It is estimated that 1 in 20 Americans has hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids can be an incredibly painful and embarrassing condition but can be effectively treated through a hemorrhoidectomy surgical procedure. It is often considered an invasive surgery but is sometimes the only effective way to deal with hemorrhoids that don't respond to simpler treatment methods or if hemorrhoids return after they've been treated.
How Is Hemorrhoidectomy Procedure Performed?
This surgical procedure is considered major surgery since it involves opening up the lower rectum. It involves snipping off the hemorrhoids and surrounding tissue, followed by stitching up the wounds.
A hemorrhoidectomy may be performed on hemorrhoids that are prolapsed (extending outside of the anus), thrombosed (swollen hemorrhoidal veins filled with blood), or that have hemorrhaged. Your doctor may recommend a hemorrhoidectomy if hemorrhoids do not respond to conservative hemorrhoid treatment within six weeks.
When Should You Consider Hemorrhoidectomy Surgical Procedure?
A hemorrhoidectomy procedure is a hemorrhoid treatment option that removes hemorrhoids and can alleviate some of the conditions associated with hemorrhoids, such as pain, itching, and compression. Hemorrhoidectomy is often performed as an outpatient procedure under general anesthesia.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids, also known as piles, include:
- Cramping or sharp pain in the perineal area or anus
- Itching or burning around the anus
- Tender hemorrhoid tissue, especially when touched
If you have any of these hemorrhoid symptoms, talk to your doctor about hemorrhoid treatment procedures. Hemorrhoids are often self-treated with over the counter medications, but you may need surgery under the following three circumstances:
1. Hemorrhoids Are Interrupting Your Daily Routine or Causing Hemorrhoidal Flare-Ups
You need a hemorrhoidectomy if your hemorrhoids are interfering with your daily routine or causing you pain and discomfort regularly.
2. The Hemorrhoids Have Become Thrombosed
Thrombosis occurs when blood flow to a hemorrhoid is cut off, causing it to swell into a hard mass that might be painful. This is a hemorrhoidal emergency that requires immediate medical attention to ensure hemorrhoid does not burst, leading to blood loss and other complications. If your hemorrhoids are thrombosed, you need hemorrhoidectomy right away.
3. Hemorrhoids Have Become Strangulated
Strangulation occurs when part of the hemorrhoid becomes stuck, causing the hemorrhoidal tissue to die. This will likely cause bleeding and lead to serious hemorrhoidal complications like infection or sepsis if not treated immediately. Strangulated hemorrhoids are a medical emergency that needs immediate hemorrhoidectomy.
A hemorrhoidectomy procedure is an effective way of treating hemorrhoids. The procedure involves the surgical removal of hemorrhoidal tissue to relieve pressure on hemorrhoidal blood vessels and restore normal hemorrhoidal anatomy.